Conciliation can only take place if both parties have agreed to it. In the event of future contract disputes, the parties include a compromise clause in the corresponding contract. An existing dispute may be referred to arbitration proceedings through a bid agreement between the parties. Unlike mediation, a party cannot unilaterally withdraw from arbitration. Unfortunately, there is little consensus among the various American judgments and manuals as to whether such a separate doctrine exists or under what circumstances it would apply. It appears that there was no recorded judicial decision to which it was applied. Conceptually, however, the doctrine, to the extent that it exists, would be a significant departure from the general principle that distinctions are not subject to judicial review. However, an opposing faction of American progressives, led by former President Theodore Roosevelt, ridiculed conciliation as a stupid idealism and insisted on the realism of war as the only solution to serious quarrels. Taft`s contracts with France and Britain were killed by Roosevelt, who had broken with his protégé Taft in 1910. They got bogged down to take control of the Republican Party. Roosevelt collaborated with his close friend Senator Henry Cabot Lodge to impose the changes that ruined the goals of the contracts. Lodge felt that the treaties were too much in the prerogatives of senators. However, Roosevelt acted to sabotage Taft`s campaign promises.  At a deeper level, Roosevelt truly believed that arbitration was a naïve solution and that the major issues had to be resolved by war. Roosevelt`s approach had an almost mystical faith in the nature of war. It supported Jingoist nationalism as opposed to the calculation of profit and national interests by businessmen.  WIPO rules protect, among other things, confidentiality of the existence of arbitration, possible disclosures made during this proceeding and the award of arbitration. In certain circumstances, WIPO rules allow a party to restrict access to trade secrets or other confidential information provided to the Court of Arbitration or a court confidentiality advisor. Section 7 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996 defines the arbitration agreement as an agreement between the parties to refer to the arbitration of all or part of the disputes that have arisen or arise at a later date between them with respect to a defined legal relationship, whether contractual or not. A physician`s relationship with his patient or that of a lawyer with his client are both examples of relationships that are legal, but not necessarily contractual. Arbitration guidelines are generally as follows, write Sarah Rudolph Cole and Kristen M. Blankley in their chapter, “Arbitration,” in the Dispute Resolution Manual (Jossey-Bass, 2005).