The rules prohibiting maintenance and mastery were first introduced in medieval England. They should avoid the abuse of justice by corrupt nobles and royal officials who have made contact with fraudulent and unwelcome allegations, thereby strengthening the credibility of the claims in exchange for a portion of the profits. It seems that with the emergence of process funding groups that third-party process funding is here to stay. Whether you support it or not, there will probably be more controversy about the applicability of the championship and maintenance and the regulation of an industry that is in its infancy in the United States. The merits of the infringement are to ally themselves with disputes over which the Intermeddler has no concerns. To invalidate these agreements, “there must be something against good policy and justice, something that tends to encourage unnecessary litigation, something that is immoral in the legal sense of the word and whose constitution requires a bad ground in the same sense.” On 26 March 2013, Louie Mui Kwok-keung, a lawyer, was sentenced to 3.5 years in prison in the District Court. On February 18, 2013, he pleaded not guilty to five counts of master`s and support allegedly committed between 1999 and 2008. He was the first lawyer in the city to be convicted of such crimes (file number: DCCC 890/2012).  This approach was radically changed in 2004, when the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) reviewed the validity of agreements in the Price Waterhouse Coopers Inc. and Others/National Potato Co-operative Ltd 2004 (6) SA 66 (SCA) branding case.
It was an agreement between the cooperative and an external third party, under which the third party agreed to finance the cooperative`s action against 45% of the proceeds. The SCA dismissed PwC`s complaint, in which the company argued that the co-op had followed the action under an agreement contrary to public policy. Finally, it found that the agreements are not clearly contrary to public order or not. Some process funding groups, such as Burford Capital, have actively tried to minimize the scope of the common law doctrines of championship, maintenance and barratry. In an ethics article, Buford stated that maintenance and control are misdemeanors, not crimes, under New Zealand law. Despite calls for its removal, the New Zealand Legal Commission recommended its continuation in a 2001 report entitled “Subsidising Litigation”.  However, it may be added that, although the English Maintenance and Champerty laws are not in force as specific laws in India, the Privy Council`s ruling in the Ram Coomar Coondoo case itself underlines the fact that such agreements must be closely monitored and that blackmail, unscrupulous or for inappropriate objects, must be declared invalid. Another ethical consideration involves the duty of the lawyer to the client.
This may be of particular concern if the third-party funding group has entered into a financing agreement with a law firm, unlike a complainant.